Dental Services in Hawthorne, Nutley & Surrounding Areas

How Does Gum Disease Progress?

Have you ever experienced bleeding gums while brushing or flossing? If so, it may be the first sign of a serious bacterial infection. If the disease in your gums is left untreated, symptoms can get worse and the infection may spread to other areas of your mouth, such as your jawbone. Since the jawbone provides us with basic structures for our teeth, the chances of developing gum disease and other tooth complications increase.

The Different Stages of Gum Disease

The more educated you are about the symptoms of gum disease, the better chance you’ll have at getting the proper treatment and benefiting your overall health.

The four stages of gum disease are as follows:

  1. Gingivitis – This is the first stage of gum disease and is often caused by plaque irritating your gums. If not brushed away, it can harden into tartar, which is difficult to remove. The biofilm will continue to progress and infect your gums, causing inflammation and redness.
  2. Early Periodontitis – When gingivitis is left untreated, it will progress to periodontitis. In the earliest stage, the problems begin to expand and affect other surrounding teeth and your breath.
  3. Moderate Periodontitis – In the later stage of periodontitis, the continued destruction of your gums and surrounding teeth will cause the roots to be exposed and you may experience severe pain.
  4. Advanced Periodontitis – In the final stage, severe bone loss will occur, which means most of your teeth could be under attack. If you notice your teeth are loose or shifting, you’ll be more prone to further infection.

Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

If the infection in your gums is severe, surgery may be required to stop progressive bone loss. However, you can reduce your chances of it spreading by following these simple tips:

  • Brush both your teeth and gums a minimum of twice a day
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste
  • Refrain from foods and beverages with high levels of sugar
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups every 6 months

Don’t let gum disease take over your life, get the help you need from our knowledgeable staff by calling (973) 427-4201 today!